Greek Cross

The Greek cross with four arms of equal length is pre-Christian, and in paganism, represented the four elements: earth, air, fire and water. It has been used for centuries in Christian art.

The image below is an engraving of a cross on a headstone located at Golden Gate National Cemetery in San Bruno, California.

Creative Commons License © BrokenSphere / Wikimedia Commons Source:


When five Greek crosses are displayed together, they represent the five wounds inflicted on Christ during the crucifixion (nails in the hands and feet and a spear in his side).  This cross was popular in the Crusader era.


cross thorns
A circle superimposed on a Greek cross is representative of the crown of thorns placed on Christ’s head during the crucifixion.



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