This graveyard located in Singapore is comprised of three separate burial grounds collectively known as Jalan Kubor Cemetery. Within the cemetery there are tombs, stone and wooden gravestones. Many graves are topped with coloured cloth – yellow denotes Royalty and green represents Islam.
The burial ground known as the Tombs of Malayan Princes on Victoria Street was reserved for the royal household of Sultan Hussein. There are many raised tombs denoting royal graves. It was also known as the Sultan’s Burial Ground although he is buried in Malacca, and in fact, anyone could be buried there which resulted in it being packed with graves.
The Indian Muslim Burial Ground surrounded by a wall is located at the junction of Victoria Street and Jalan Sultan. This plot of land was originally donated to the Indian Muslims residing in Kampong Glam for use as a burial ground. However, it became popular with Bugis and Banjar merchants. Inscriptions on stones are in Bugis script, Arabic, Chinese, English, Jawi and early forms of Malay.
In the Kopet Dag mountains that separate Turkmenistan from Iran is an isolated village called Nokhur which is famous for its cemetery, and although a hospitable people, the Nokhuris do not allow visitors to enter the hallowed ground.
Although there is a variety of grave markers, (stones and vertical wooden posts) almost all of the markers are adorned with the horns of mountain goats or Urial mountain sheep. The Nokhuris tribe believe that mountain goats are sacred animals that have the ability to fight off evil spirits and ensure the soul a safe passage to Heaven. When someone dies, a relative kills a goat and mounts the horns above the grave.
The wooden posts are decorated with horizontal and crisscross markings engraved to show the deceased the steps or paths to Heaven.
Many posts are wrapped in several rows of vibrantly coloured fabric; and as Nokhur is famous for silk weaving and the fabric is valued, this ritual may be a sign of respect.
This gravestone is located in the churchyard of Saint Mary the Virgin in Nonington, Kent, England. The deceased, John Payn, was 22 years old when he died in 1872. On 2 April 1871 the national census recorded John as a journeyman grocer unemployed through ill-health. Poor lad died on 22 October the following year and was buried three days later.
John’s father, Richard Payn, died when John was only 11 years old. His mother, Mary Ann Saffery remarried the following year and the family, including brothers Thomas and Frederick and a sister named Fanny, lived with their stepfather, William Kingsford.
Rev. Sholto Douglas Campbell-Douglas, M.A. was appointed to the vicarage of Nonington in 1871 and resigned in 1872 when he was promoted to All Saints in Derby. He therefore only knew John for less than two years. With no information regarding the relationship between John Payn and the Reverend Douglas it’s unclear why he would erect such a lavish stone in his honour.
Erected by the Rev. Sholto D.C. Douglas, Vicar.
To the memory of John Payn.
Born April 7th 1850. Died October 22nd 1872
“He being dead yet speaketh”
The TWO ROADS.
Its Gate is wide – Matt. vii. 13.
Its way is dark – Prov. ii. 13.
Its paths are false – Prov. xiv. 12.
It is crowded by those
Who forsake God – Isaiah i. 4
Who do iniquity – Isaiah Lix. 3
Who serve the Devil – John viii. 44
It leads to Misery – Rom. ii. 9
Death – Rom. vi. 21
Judgment – Matt. xii. 36
Its End is HELL where
there shall be wailing and
gnashing of teeth. – Matt. xiii. 42
Its Gate is strait – Matt. vii. 14
Its way is light – John viii. 12
Its paths are truth – Psa. xxv. 10
It is trod by those
Who forsake sin – 1 Peter iii. 10. 21
Who do the will of God – Matt. vii. 21
Who serve the Lord Christ – Col. iii. 24
It leads to Happiness – Psa. Lxiv. 10
Life – Matt. vii. 14
Eternal glory – 1 Peter. v. 10
Its END is HEAVEN where
there is fullness of joy and
pleasures for evermore – Psa. xvi. 11
Mark on this side you have
And on this side you find
Along which of these two Roads are you hastening? for in one or other you most certainly are. Are you on the way to GOD and HEAVEN, or SATAN and HELL. A mistake if continued to the end will be fatal: “For what shall it profit a man if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul.” MARK viii. 36.
JESUS CHRIST SAYS, “I AM THE WAY THE TRUTH AND THE LIFE. NO MAN COMETH UNTO THE FATHER BUT BY ME. JOHN xiv 6. “HE THAT BELIEVETH ON ME HATH EVERLASTING LIFE.” JOHN vi 47. “HIM THAT COMETH UNTO ME I WILL IN NO WISE CAST OUT.” JOHN vi 37. “I CAME NOT TO CALL THE RIGHTEOUS, BUT SINNERS TO REPENTANCE.” Mark ii 17. “THE SON OF MAN IS COME TO SEEK AND TO SAVE THAT WHICH IS LOST.” Luke xix 10.