Samuel Gilmore was a rope maker who owned property on the south side of the Grassmarket area of Edinburgh. His large rope-making factory and retail outlet were located on the north side of Gilmore Street (later renamed Gilmore Place). He also owned a mansion house called Lochrin Lodge whose entrance was on the north side of Home Street adjacent to the factory.
His burial place is in St. Cuthbert’s cemetery, Edinburgh, and his gravestone features many examples of iconography.
- The headstone is capped with a winged effigy which represents the deceased soul in flight.
- Skulls on each side of the stone symbolize death, mortality, penitence, and sin.
- The Masonic compass and set square is a symbol used to represent the Order of Freemasons who view God as the architect and builder of the universe hence the use of these tools. The perfect right angle of the square indicates justice and truth, and the compass, capable of drawing a perfect circle, represents the all-embracing love of God.
- The arches on each side of the stone denote an entrance to Heaven or a passageway to eternal life.
- The drape drawn back represents the veil of death.
Although the inscription has all but disappeared due to weather erosion, the original details are recorded on the clipping below. (#616 Obelisk refers to the square base with inscription next to Samuel’s grave.)