Category Archives: Symbolism

Murdered by Human Wolves

Within the grass of Konawa Cemetery, Kenowa, Oklahoma, the grave of Katherine Cross is most memorable for the epitaph: Murdered By Human Wolves. In a continuation of her sad story the gravestone was stolen in 2016.

Her gravestone was engraved with an arch, open gates, and a star.
The arch is a symbol of triumph and victory in death. It also represents being joined with a partner in Heaven. Open gates symbolize the soul entering heaven. The star piercing the darkness symbolizes the spirit overcoming evil and rising to heaven.

405
Source: http://www.405magazine.com/October-2013/77-Counties/

There are many legends surrounding her death including a fictional account in a novel written by Steven E. Wedel.

The facts: Katherine was the first born child of ten to John Taylor Cross and his wife, Mary Katherine Diehl Cross.
Katherine Dau. Of J.T. & M.K. Cross Mar. 13, 1899 Oct. 10, 1917 

An arrest and charge of first degree murder was made against Dr. Yates, a Konawa physician, for performing what is believed to be an abortion on Katherine who was three months pregnant. The father of the child was Fred O’Neil, the married principal of the Vamoosa School.

findagrave
Source: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7423442

Seminole County News later reported that Katherine’s death was downgraded from first-degree murder to first-degree manslaughter.

 

Flora In Remembrance

Most people understand an olive branch as a symbol of peace. It can also be meant as fruitfulness, purification, and victory. The laurel wreath was first worn by the ancient Romans in parades after triumph in battle where it was viewed as a prize and a sign of divine blessing. The laurel is an evergreen thought to have purifying powers that could result in immortality.

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The ivy is symbolic of conviviality (gaiety or joviality). A wreath and festoon together symbolize memory.

The Palm is a plant whose leaves resemble a hand. Originally a military symbol of victory, it was adapted into Christianity as a symbol of Christ’s victory of death. Often seen as an attribute of martyrdom and eternal peace.

A century plant can live between 10 and 30 years. It derives its name from the fact that it blooms only once before dying at the end of a long life. It represents everlasting life and immortality.

The fern is a symbol of sincerity, sorrow, grief and hope to grieving loved ones.

Ruminants

The Loyal Order of Moose (L.O.O.M.) is a fraternal charity organization whose motto is Purity, Aid, and Progress.

B.P.O.E.W. is the acronym for Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks of the World. This charitable service organization has over one million members in the United States. Headstones will often be decorated with elaborate B.P.O.E. symbols.

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The symbol of an elk is also adopted by the Independent Order of Foresters (I.O.F.) Originally created for mutual aid and protection (voluntary reciprocal exchange of resources and services for mutual benefit) in 14th century England. It is a mutual organization caring for the sick.

Foresters

The Story of Life

Book memorials are often found in cemeteries. A popular form is the book as a double page spread bearing vital statistics and epitaphs concerning the deceased. A closed book recognizes the fact that the story of the deceased is over.

This young man was a lawyer which explains the multitude of books. Source: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/116460340345537621/

Beadle

Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/karl_is/8416620519/

Bowie
Source: https://www.facebook.com/heritage4nsics/photos/a.491990557526022.112589.141832215875193/492010157524062/?type=1&theater
Deviant
Source: http://lichtschrijver.deviantart.com/art/From-the-grave-360210424

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Floyd
Source: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSsr=161&GSvcid=9594&GRid=19357712&

More Questions Than Answers

This gravestone is located in St. Nicholas Churchyard in Dalkeith, Midlothian, Scotland. The inscription has disappeared due to weather erosion which is also attacking the sculptured effigies. Although this stone hosts common mortality symbols of Memento Mori in the hourglass, arrows and the skull the remainder is difficult to interpret.

Dalkeith_St Nicholas_men

On a humourous note, the skull on the bottom left appears to be wearing sunglasses.

Is the floating image a mother looking down from Heaven on her children? Note how this figure seems to be casually resting on her hand. Is this actually a female or a male as period dress may indicate? What is the triangular shape the figure is holding in the left hand? Are the cherubs below children or representative of angels?

What are the cherubs holding onto? Is it the wings of a winged effigy or a shroud/drape which denotes mourning and often borders a dedication? Or is the entire scene related to a Fraternity?

What is the boat shaped item? A similar symbol is found in the Old Town Cemeteries in Stirling, Scotland.

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Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/europealacarte/2245476877/in/dateposted/

St. Kessog Churchyard

The town of Luss is situated on Loch Lomond in Scotland. There is evidence that a Church has been here since the year 510 AD; however, the current building was constructed in 1875.

The graveyard is located close to the edge of the loch, and is full of interesting and very old moss covered gravestones including 15 listed ancient monuments.

In some instances the sculptor was mindful of space and used what nowadays we would refer to as ‘justified text’.

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Here lies the corpse of John Gay carpenter in Luss who died Feb 21 1761 aged 64 and also Cathrine Balfour his spouse who died Nov 16 1741 aged 38. This burial place appointed for Robert Gay son to John Gay and Agnes Macfarlan his spouse and his heirs.

The legends on the headstones are engraved using Olde English words and images of Memento Mori are visible on many of the stones.

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Eternity is represented by the circle and the crossbones symbolize death. The Greek style columns with a flat top denote a life cut short.

The following transcriptions are related to the image below showing a cross in the forefront and a gravestone in the background.

Luss (9)

His wife Caroline Anna Wyllie died 18th Jan 1914 Sacred to the loved memory of Andrew Wyllie for 12 years factor, on the luss estates died 1st February 1880 aged 46. No more death, neither sorrow. Rev 21,4

Sacred to the loved memory of Andrew Wyllie, for 12 years Factor of the Luss Estates. Died 1st February 1880, aged 46. “No more death, neither sorrow.” Rev 21:4

Luss (5)

Interred here the remains of John Macauslan late tenant in Wester Bannachra who died 3 January 1795 aged 69 years. Also John Macausland late farmer illegible Roseneath who died 11th Oct 1843 Aged 73 years.

colquhoun

In memory of James 11th Baronet of Colquhoun and Luss, born February 7th 1804, John Boyd born April 23rd 1829, James Spottiswood born March 1st 1832, Angus Macdonald born June 15th 1839, Thomas Anderson born June 25th 1856 who were all drowned together in Loch Lomond on December 18th 1873. When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee, and through the rivers they shall not overflow thee. Isaiah XIII

Historic Note: On 18 December 1873, with three of his gamekeepers and a stable boy, Sir James sailed to the island of Inch Lonaig to hunt red deer with the intent of providing Christmas fare for his tenants and friends. On his return a sudden storm swamped the heavily loaded boat and all on board perished. They drowned in Loch Lomond within earshot of Rossdhu, the home of the Chiefs of Clan Colquhoun. Sadly, the cries for help were believed to be joyous boating cheers.

 

 

Natal Chart

This unusual gravestone memorializes a Doctor of Medicine and more specifically a surgeon. The acronym F.R.C.S. denotes that the deceased earned a professional qualification to practise as a senior surgeon in Ireland or the United Kingdom. An additional acronym, F.R.C.S. c, identifies the Fellowship of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Canada.

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The symbolic engraving is related to astrology and is known as a natal chart. The chart is 360°, the 12 zodiac signs are 30° each and the relationships (aspects) shared between the planets in the chart is determined by the distance of the signs they are in.

Puslinch_Crown (21)

If you are interested in astrology you may wish to click on the link below which, although identified as a chart for beginners, was beyond my comprehension and interest.

https://thenatalchart.weebly.com/blog/how-to-read-your-natal-chart-for-beginners