Markers

Historically, a tombstone was the stone lid of a burial box. Headstones marked the head of the grave and were either flat or upright and usually engraved to identify the burial place.
Footstones marked the foot of the grave and were rarely carved with more than the deceased’s initials and year of death. Gravestones were a stone slab laid over the grave.
Nowadays all three terms, headstone, gravestone and tombstone are used for markers placed at the head of the grave.

In many cultures graves are grouped, so the monuments make up a necropolis, a city of the dead, paralleling the community of the living.

HEADSTONE
A marker usually made of granite or marble with inscription.

LAWN GRAVE
A simple plaque of remembrance that is level with the ground.

TOMB
A container to hold remains often multiple bodies.

VAULT
An underground chamber.

SARCOPHAGUS
A stone coffin with no window or door bearing sculpture and inscription often displayed as a monument.

MAUSOLEUM
An above ground structure holding the remains of a person or persons; often an elaborate structure with an interior chapel and a small stained glass or open metalwork window.

COMMUNITY MAUSOLEUM
A large building designed to provide above ground entombment for a number of people. Seating, lighting and a place for flowers is provided. Alternatively, it can be a structure of stacked crypts with outdoor access only.

COLUMBARIUM
A free-standing structure in a cemetery, or located within a mausoleum or chapel, either indoor or outdoor, constructed of numerous small compartments with memorial plaques designed to hold urns containing cremated remains.

SEPULCHER
A structure with recesses in the wall to receive ashes of the dead.

CRYPT
A concrete or stone chamber often beneath a floor or in the wall of a religious building. Following entombment, the crypt is sealed, and a granite or marble front is attached.

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Mors Ianua Vitae: Death is the gate of life

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