Tag Archives: Cleveland

The Angel of Death Victorious

Located in Lakeview Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio, is the grave of Francis Haserot whose family were among the elite and wealthy of Cleveland during the early twentieth century. Their fortune was earned in the food industry and so highly successful that the company continues to distribute high-quality canned foods across Ohio and Michigan.

wikimedia ccl Ian MacQueen
Creative Commons License, Ian MacQueen. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herman_Matzen#/media/File:Angel_of_Death_Victorious.jpg

Seated on a marble dais the statue, commonly known as the Haserot Angel, is also referred to as the Weeping Angel although its technical name is The Angel of Death Victorious. The sculpture was created in bronze by Herman Matzen in 1923 for the Haserot family. Herman Matzen was an American sculptor and educator, born in Denmark (July 15, 1861 – April 22, 1938).

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The life-size statue is seated with raised wings. Her hands rest on an inverted torch with flame extinguished. Inverted torches are the more common version of this symbol of death and a life extinguished. It represents mourning.

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With solemn face and blackened eye sockets she appears to be weeping black tears. This eerie effect is caused by a process called patination. Bronze sculptures acquire a green patina formed by the metal’s reaction with carbon dioxides and sulfur dioxides. Although this patina is the equivalent to rust on iron, copper in the bronze reacts with different colors. (Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of copper).

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Father Time & The Weeping Virgin

There are several versions of this sculpture containing different components which have been related to mythology, Judaism and Christianity; yet it is ultimately a Masonic carving. It symbolizes that time, patience and perseverance will accomplish all things. The most common symbols are Father Time, a Virgin, a broken column, an urn, a sprig of acacia, and a book, all of which rest on the top level of three steps.

gravely speaking_lakeview cemetery cleveland
Lakeview Cemetery, Cleveland,OH, USA
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Cavehill Cemetery, Louisville, KY, USA

Father Time is most often depicted as an old man with long hair and beard, and a pair of wings. A scythe and hourglass are symbols associated with him. The scythe represents the Divine harvest and the hourglass denotes that the sands of time bring us closer to death. As the scythe cuts the harvest, so life is ended by Father Time. He stands behind a virgin (or young woman) attempting to untangle the ringlets of her hair. It symbolizes that with time and perseverance all things can be accomplished.

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Evergreen Cemetery, Santa Cruz, CA, USA

The mythological Goddess Rhea is represented by a virgin or weeping woman who grieves over the loss of a loved one. Symbols differ in sculptures, the most common being an urn in her left hand and a sprig of acacia in her right hand. Acacia is an evergreen and represents the immortality of the soul. The urn is a symbol of death and was used to collect tears of the mourners. It is often shown resting on a book symbolic of the Book of Life where names of the righteous were recorded to ensure entry into Heaven.

Binghamton, NY, USA
Binghamton, NY, USA

Other representations show the virgin holding a scroll which is a symbol of life. She can also be found holding a chisel or a mallet. She stands before a sundered column symbolic of a life cut short. (A column or pillar was often used by the Hebrews to symbolize rulers or nobles.)

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In Freemasonry, a summary of the sculpture relates the following.

  • The broken column denotes the untimely death of Grand Master Hiram Abiff.
  • The beautiful Virgin, weeping, denotes the unfinished Temple.
  • The book open before her, displays that his virtues are on perpetual record.
  • The sprig of acacia in her right hand, represents the timely discovery of his body.
  • The urn in her left, that his ashes were there safely deposited to perpetuate the remembrance of so distinguished a character.
  • Father Time standing behind her unfolding the ringlets of her hair denotes that time, patience and perseverance will accomplish all things.
Masonic temple, Mendocina, CA, USA
Masonic temple, Mendocina, CA, USA

Image Sources 

http://gravelyspeaking.com/2011/12/27/father-time-and-the-weeping-virgin/

http://mendonews.wordpress.com/2008/04/29/mendocino-freemasons-who-runs-mendocino/

http://freemasonrywatch.org/trinity.html

http://www.masonicdictionary.com/columnb.html

http://www.imgday.com/category/synthetic/page/137/